As mobile broadband reaches near ubiquity and the size of office terminals become ever smaller, enterprises and employees are no longer confined to the static office environment. The advent of the internet and IP-based services means multinational businesses are far more able to connect on a global basis.
It is very common now for an enterprise to have offices at numerous locations or for employees to work from home or even during travel or commuting. The small office/home office (SOHO) is becoming more common as enterprises develop “people-oriented” working practices. The nine-to-five notion of a working day is shifting with many employees moving hours around to accommodate domestic commitments.
In some cases traditional enterprise intranets struggle to meet the development requirements of users due to the centralised nature of enterprise IT applications. This IT application inertia is a driving force behind the popularity and uptake of BYOD where employees who have grown used to a certain level of technology at home want to leverage it for work. As a result, numerous enterprise IT activities are being moved from secure intranets to external mobile networks. In addition to this trend by individuals, is a move by enterprises who, faced with increasingly complex IT infrastructures, are adopting outsourced IT services and solutions.
In this environment of burgeoning mobility a service provider can gain an obvious advantage over its competitors by designing and building an enterprise-oriented mobile network. This network would provide integrated services that meet enterprise “informatization” requirements such as entering the global IT outsourcing market, and developing enterprise-oriented cloud services.
On the application layer, a mobile enterprise network enables enterprise users to work using their smartphones, tablets, or other mobile intelligent terminal devices, anytime and anywhere, including offices, airports, hotels, coffee shops, homes, and tourist attractions.
The architecture of a mobile enterprise network can be classified into four layers: terminal devices, network access, enterprise network platforms, and enterprise network applications. ZTE Corporation provides complete solutions for carriers, covering mobile phones, network-side platforms, IT service product packages, enterprise applications, servers/storage, and cloud computing software.
The carriers’ mobile enterprise network services will evolve through the following three phases:
Phase 1: Introducing the enterprise gateway for an enterprise-oriented wholesale solution.
Phase 2: Supporting carriers’ BYOD development by establishing a perfect BYOD architecture, introducing enterprise data portals, refining traffic operation, exploring potential enterprise users, and introducing more enterprise applications.
Phase 3: Supporting carriers’ IT outsourcing developments by maximising wireless broadband advantages and helping enterprises build wireless campus networks.
Modern cities have transformed from being industrial economies to information-driven societies. Populations are rising rapidly in large urban settings. In the accelerated process of urbanisation, the residents of cities are faced with a variety of problems, such as food availability and acquisition, crime and the need for security, traffic congestion and accidents, and insufficient educational and medical resources. The Smart City concept has been put forward to solve these problems and as a means of maintaining the sustainable development of cities. The planning and implementation of this concept is attracting more and more attention, especially from governments. While the huge investments of governments in this field provides new development opportunities for carriers.
The Smart City solution includes four aspects: information sharing, smart applications, cooperation and innovation, and co-construction of the city and people. The construction of a Smart City is a long process usually led by central government with multiple public service units involved. The construction process can be classified into the following four phases:
- Phase 1: Network Building – Comprehensive information infrastructure facilities are indispensable for the construction and development of a Smart City. Advanced technologies are introduced to expand the bandwidth and enhance the information infrastructure construction. Wireless or wired networks are built to ensure reliable and timely information transmission within the city.
- Phase 2: System Interconnection – To protect investments and avoid repeated construction, a new service mode should be developed based on the existing application systems. By using their technologies, resources, talents, and network advantages, professional institutes and sectors related to the applications establish an effective service system applicable to the city, to enhance the city’s supply chains and promote its economy transformation.
- Phase 3: Data Convergence – In this phase, a unified data resource system should be built within the city to provide services for applications. The resource should be open to third-party organisations. In addition, the data resource system and knowledge base for a Smart City should be further developed, to optimise public services and individual life services, and to improve management and production efficiency.
- Phase 4: Application Integration – After the above three phases, a unified application portal should be built to access the knowledge base. This helps city management personnel with planning, macro analyses, and decision-making, promotes the optimisation of flows in different fields and service innovation, and finally achieves sustainable development of city economy and life.
Smart City Operation Centre
After the four phases, a city operation centre can be established. The operation centre is the unified application framework for the Smart City, and makes a flexible, quick-response, integrated, and cooperative city. By using the Smart City operation centre, the application solutions of different industries can be easily deployed. Examples include:
- Public security solutions: Achieving quick response at the occurrence of an incident, enabling different functional departments to efficiently cooperate with each other in case of a public security incident.
- E-government solution: Helping governments improve their efficiency and their image among city people.
- Smart education solution: Enabling educational resources to be shared at different locations regardless of time, and improving the level of education.
- Smart transportation solution: Improving the user experience and efficiency of transportation management department with road traffic information management, vehicle management, and other applications.
In addition, the Smart City operation centre can be integrated with smart tourism and smart logistics, to provide efficeint management methods for city management personnel that promote a convenient and comfortable living environment for city dwellers.